Oxygen therapy
Indications
1- Respiratory failure type I
Respiratory failure type III
Myocardial infarction
Crisis of sickle cell anaemia
Adverse effects(l00% O2 of both irritant and toxic)
• Retrolental fibroplasia and blindness in prematures if exposed to↑o2
• ARDs in adult
So, Do not use O2 therapy except in indicated situations.
Administration
• High concentrations e.g. 60% via a mask used in acute Type I respiratory failure.
• Low concentrations either via a 24 or 28% ventimask in Type II respiratory failure.
• Chronic O2 delivery from cylinders delivered to the home via mask or nasal cannuli.

Source: Internal Medicine Book of Dr.Osama Mahmoud (Ain Shams University)