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Thread: Adenocarcinoma Pictures - Atlas of Colon and Ileum

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    Default Adenocarcinoma Pictures - Atlas of Colon and Ileum

    What is the function of the breasts?
    Breast consists of the milk nodes and the ducts carrying the milk produced from those nodes to nipple and the fat and connective tissues which is filling interstitial area of those. Each breast is found in front of the pectoral muscles over the ribs. The nipple is the center of the dusky skin area called areola. Also the breast contains lymphatic ducts carrying colorless fluid called lymph. Lymph ducts open out onto the small round lymph nodes. Lymph node groups belonging to breast are found primary near to breast in the armpit, over the collar bone and nearby the sternum (faith bone). Lymph nodes hold bacteria, cancer cells and the other harmful components to be found in the lymph system.

    Why Breast Health Centers of Acibadem?
    1. Multidisciplinary Approach;
    breast-health-mamoIn the branches of Breast Cancer Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, the opportunity of multidisciplinary diagnosis and therapy is being provided to our patients with the specialist and experienced team in oneís field and with the devices of latest technology.

    Apart from these, a multidisciplinary care including supportive services like disease management of breast cancer, nutrition and genetic counseling, psychosocial support programs, physic therapy is being given to breast cancer patients most comprehensively.

    2. High Technology Background;
    In our Breast Health Centers, early diagnosis, therapy and follow-up programs are being implemented with the devices of latest technology (3 dimensional Mammography with Tomosynthesis, dimensional Breast Ultrasonography, Vacuum-assisted Biopsy and Biopsy under the guidance of MR).
    Adenocarcinoma Pictures Atlas Colon Ileum attachment.php?s=49ddec2f9ed156fd0c9c4937301a65cd&attachmentid=2069&d=1442183369

    3. Early Detection, Correct Diagnosis;
    In Breast Health Centers of Acibadem, the opportunity of early detection and correct diagnosis is being provided by comprehensive approach.

    We are creating the difference with mammography with tomosynthesis, 4 dimensional ultrasonography, clinical breast examine and by oneself breast examine education and with breast cancer scanning services. Also to learn the breast cancer risk of women who have high risk of contracting breast cancer, the early detection opportunity is being provided by minimizing their chance of contracting cancer in the future via regular examine and special counseling service.

    4. Specialist in Oneís Field, Experienced Team;
    breast-health-labOur specialist team consisted of breast surgeons, medical oncologist, plastic surgeon, oncologist of radiation, radiologist, pathologist and medical genetic all specialist in oneís field and experienced provide the comprehensive care of patient in the Acibadem Breast Health Center. Also nutrition counseling, physical therapy and comprehensive psychosocial support program for patients with breast cancer are presented.

    Adenocarcinoma(/ˌśdɨnoʊkɑrsɨˈnoʊmə/; plural adenocarcinomas or adenocarcinomata /ˌśdɨnoʊkɑrsɨˈnoʊmɨtə/) is a type of cancerous tumor that can occur in several parts of the body. It is defined as neoplasia of epithelial tissue that has glandular origin, glandular characteristics, or both. Adenocarcinomas are part of the larger grouping of carcinomas. Cancers that are adenocarcinomas are often usually called by more precise terms omitting the word, where these exist. Thus invasive ductal carcinoma, the most common form of breast cancer, is adenocarcinoma but does not use the term in its name, but esophageal adenocarcinoma does, to distinguish it from the other common type of esophageal cancer, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, which is not adenocarcinoma. Several of the most common forms of cancer are adenocarcinomas, and the various sorts of adenocarcinoma vary greatly in all their aspects, so that few useful generalizations can be made about them.

    In the most specific usage (narrowest sense), the glandular origin or traits are exocrine; endocrine gland tumors, such as a VIPoma, an insulinoma, or a pheochromocytoma, are typically not referred to as adenocarcinomas but rather are often called neuroendocrine tumors. Epithelial tissue sometimes includes, but is not limited to, the surface layer of skin, glands, and a variety of other tissue that lines the cavities and organs of the body. Epithelial tissue can be derived embryologically from any of the germ layers (ectoderm, endoderm, or mesoderm). To be classified as adenocarcinoma, the cells do not necessarily need to be part of a gland, as long as they have secretory properties. Adenocarcinoma is the malignant counterpart to adenoma, which is the benign form of such tumors. Sometimes adenomas transform into adenocarcinomas, but most do not.

    Well differentiated adenocarcinomas tend to resemble the glandular tissue that they are derived from, while poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas may not. By staining the cells from a biopsy, a pathologist can determine whether the tumor is an adenocarcinoma or some other type of cancer. Adenocarcinomas can arise in many tissues of the body owing to the ubiquitous nature of glands within the body, and, more fundamentally, to the potency of epithelial cells. While each gland may not be secreting the same substance, as long as there is an exocrine function to the cell, it is considered glandular and its malignant form is therefore named adenocarcinoma.

    The vast majority of colorectal cancers are adenocarcinomas. This is because the colon has numerous glands within the tissue. Normal colonic glands tend to be simple and tubular in appearance with a mixture of mucus secreting goblet cells and water absorbing cells. These glands are called glands because they secrete a substance into the lumen of the colon, this substance being mucus. The purpose of these glands is twofold. The first is to absorb water from the feces back into the blood. The second purpose is to secrete mucus into the colon lumen to lubricate the now dehydrated feces. This is crucial as a failure to lubricate the feces can result in colonic damage by the feces as it passes towards the rectum.
    Adenocarcinoma Pictures Atlas Colon Ileum attachment.php?s=49ddec2f9ed156fd0c9c4937301a65cd&attachmentid=2070&d=1442183381

    When these glands undergo a number of changes at the genetic level, they proceed in a predictable manner as they move from benign to an invasive, malignant colon cancer. In their research paper "Lessons from Hereditary Colorectal Cancer", Vogelstein, et al., suggested that colon cells lose the APC tumor suppressor gene and become a small polyp. Next, they suggested that k-Ras becomes activated and the polyp becomes a small, benign adenoma. The adenoma, lacking the "carcinoma" attached to the end of it, suggests that it is a benign version of the malignant adenocarcinoma. The gastroenterologist uses a colonoscopy to find and remove these adenomas and polyps to prevent them from continuing to acquire genetic changes that will lead to an invasive adenocarcinoma. Vogelstein et al. went on to suggest that loss of the DCC gene and of p53 result in a malignant adenocarcinoma.

    There will be a mass of a different color to the surrounding tissue. Bleeding from the tumor is often apparent as the tumor tends to grow blood vessels into it in a haphazard manner via secretion of a number of angiogenesis promoting factors such as VEGF. Histologically, tumours resembling the original structures are classified as well differentiated. Tumour cells that have lost any resemblance to original tissue, both in appearance and structure form, are denoted as poorly differentiated tumour cells. Regardless of the grade, malignant tumors tend to have a large nucleus with prominent nucleoli. There will also be a noticeable increase in the incidence of mitosis, or cell divisions.

    Survival rates of small intestine adenocarcinoma, by stage
    Survival rates are often used by doctors as a standard way of discussing a personís prognosis (outlook). Some patients with cancer may want to know the survival statistics for people in similar situations, while others may not find the numbers helpful, or may even not want to know them. If you decide that you donít want to read them, skip to the next section.

    The 5-year survival rate is the percentage of patients who live at least 5 years after their cancer is diagnosed. Of course, many people live much longer than 5 years (and many are cured). Also, people with small intestine cancer can die of other things. The numbers below, known as observed survival, donít take that into account.

    In order to get 5-year survival rates, doctors have to look at people who were treated at least 5 years ago. Improvements in treatment since then may result in a more favorable outlook for people being diagnosed with small intestine cancer now.

    Survival rates are often based on previous outcomes of large numbers of people who had the disease, but they cannot predict what will happen in any particular personís case. Many other factors may affect a personís outlook, such as their age, general health, the grade of the cancer, and how well the cancer responds to treatment. Your doctor can tell you how the numbers below may apply to your particular situation.
    Adenocarcinoma Pictures Atlas Colon Ileum attachment.php?s=49ddec2f9ed156fd0c9c4937301a65cd&attachmentid=2071&d=1442183393

    The numbers below were published in 2010 in the 7th edition of the AJCC Staging Manual. They come from the National Cancer Data Base, and are based on people diagnosed with small intestine adenocarcinoma between 1998 and 2002.

    References:
    http://www.cancer.org/cancer/smallin...survival-rates
    Adenocarcinoma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Breast Health | Acibadem Hospitals Group











    Last edited by Medical Photos; 09-13-2015 at 10:29 PM.

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