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Thread: Appendix Pictures - Atlas of Colon and Ileum

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    Default Appendix Pictures - Atlas of Colon and Ileum

    What Causes Appendicitis?
    Appendicitis occurs when the appendix becomes blocked, often by stool, a foreign body, or cancer. Blockage may also occur from infection, since the appendix swells in response to any infection in the body.

    How Is Appendicitis Treated?
    Surgery to remove the appendix, which is called an appendectomy, is the standard treatment for appendicitis.
    Generally, if appendicitis is suspected, doctors tend to err on the side of safety and quickly remove the appendix to avoid its rupture. If the appendix has formed an abscess, you may have two procedures: one to drain the abscess of pus and fluid, and a later one to remove the appendix. However, there is some research showing that treatment of acute appendicitis with antibiotics may eliminate the need for surgery.

    Appendectomy: What to Expect
    Antibiotics are given before an appendectomy to fight possible peritonitis. General anesthesia is usually given, and the appendix is removed through a 4-inch incision or by laparoscopy. If you have peritonitis, the abdomen is also irrigated and drained of pus.

    Within 12 hours of surgery you may get up and move around. You can usually return to normal activities in two to three weeks. If surgery is done with a laparoscope (a thin telescope-like instrument for viewing inside the abdomen), the incision is smaller and recovery is faster.

    What Is the Appendix?
    The appendix is a narrow tube-shaped pouch protruding from your large intestine. Itís up to six inches long and located in the lower right side of your abdomen. You donít need your appendix to live. In fact, its purpose is poorly understood.
    Appendix Pictures Atlas Colon Ileum attachment.php?s=80accf960860a46916dbd6087b8f5397&attachmentid=2261&d=1442519189

    When your appendix becomes inflamed, itís called appendicitis. The exact cause of appendicitis isnít always clear. Sometimes, the appendix fills with mucus, parasites, or stool, which causes irritation. Bacteria can quickly multiply within an inflamed appendix. If it bursts, it can spread bacteria within the abdomen (peritonitis). The resulting infection can cause abscesses to form.

    Signs and Symptoms of Appendicitis
    There are a variety of symptoms of appendicitis. Not all people will have all the symptoms, but itís crucial that you see a doctor as quickly as possible. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, the appendix can rupture as quickly as 48 to 72 hours after the onset of symptoms.

    Abdominal Bloating and Pain
    One of the first signs of appendicitis is abdominal bloating. Pain may begin around your navel. Eventually, the pain moves to the lower right side of your abdomen and becomes very sharp. The pain doesnít subside.

    The abdomen is tender to the touch, and pain tends to become more severe when you take a deep breath or move. Coughing, sneezing, or jolting movements also make it hurt more.

    Mild Fever
    Appendicitis usually causes a low-grade fever that hovers just under 100 degrees Fahrenheit. You may also have the chills. If your appendix bursts, infection could cause your fever to rise.

    Digestive System Upset
    Appendicitis may cause nausea and vomiting. Youíre likely to lose your appetite and feel that you canít eat. You may become constipated or develop diarrhea. Some people have trouble passing gas.
    Appendix Pictures Atlas Colon Ileum attachment.php?s=80accf960860a46916dbd6087b8f5397&attachmentid=2262&d=1442519210

    What to Do for Symptoms of Appendicitis
    If you have symptoms of appendicitis, seek emergency medical care immediately. There is no home remedy that can help. Donít take over-the-counter medications. Enemas and laxatives can actually cause your appendix to rupture. Pain medications that mask symptoms may also make it harder for your doctor to make a quick diagnosis.

    Your symptoms, along with a physical examination, will help the doctor make a diagnosis. Blood tests can reveal signs of infection, and a urinalysis can rule out urinary tract infection. Your doctor can see if your appendix is inflamed using an ultrasound.

    Once youíre diagnosed with appendicitis, your doctor will decide whether or not immediate surgery is required. Itís vitally important that the appendix is removed before it bursts. Removal of the appendix (appendectomy) can be performed through a two- or three-inch incision in the lower right abdomen. It can also be done laparoscopically.

    During this procedure, several small incisions are made in the abdomen. The surgeon guides a laparoscope through the incisions to remove the appendix. If the appendix has already burst, tubes will be left in place to drain fluid from your abdomen.

    Antibiotics will be prescribed to prevent or treat infection.

    As with any surgery, there are some risks, including allergic reaction to anesthesia and infection at the surgical site. Most of the time, appendicitis is successfully treated without complication.

    Risk Factors and Prevention
    The exact cause of appendicitis isnít known, but it isnít contagious. Thereís no way to prevent it. It seems less likely to happen if you have a diet rich in fiber.
    Appendix Pictures Atlas Colon Ileum attachment.php?s=80accf960860a46916dbd6087b8f5397&attachmentid=2263&d=1442519223

    Appendicitis is the most common reason for abdominal surgery among children. Itís rare in children under two years old, and is most likely to occur between the ages of 15 and 30, according to the Cleveland Clinic.

    Males get appendicitis at a higher rate than females. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, more than 5 percent of the population gets appendicitis.

    References:
    Appendicitis Symptoms, Causes, Surgery, and Recovery
    Emergency Signs Symptoms of Appendicitis











    Last edited by Medical Photos; 09-17-2015 at 07:47 PM.

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