Results 1 to 6 of 6

Thread: Vocal cord Bacterial infection photos - Laryngeal Atlas

  1. #1

    Default Vocal cord Bacterial infection photos - Laryngeal Atlas

    ACUTE LARYNGITIS
    Acute laryngitis is the most common cause of hoarseness and voice loss that starts suddenly. Most cases of acute laryngitis are caused by a viral infection that leads to swelling of the vocal cords. When the vocal cords swell, they vibrate differently, leading to hoarseness. The best treatment for this condition is to stay well hydrated and to rest or reduce your voice use. Serious injury to the vocal cords can result from strenuous voice use during an episode of acute laryngitis. Since most acute laryngitis is caused by a virus, antibiotics are not effective. Bacterial infections of the larynx are much rarer and often are associated with difficulty breathing. Any problems breathing during an illness warrants emergency evaluation.

    CHRONIC LARYNGITIS
    Chronic laryngitis is a non-specific term and an underlying cause should be identified. Chronic laryngitis can be caused by acid reflux disease, by exposure to irritating substances such as smoke, and by low grade infections such as yeast infections of the vocal cords in people using inhalers for asthma. Chemotherapy patients or others whose immune system is not working well can get these infections too.

    LARYNGOPHARYNGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (LPRD)
    Reflux of stomach juice into the throat can cause a variety of symptoms in the esophagus (swallowing tube) as well as in the throat. Hoarseness (chronic or intermittent), swallowing problems, a lump in the throat sensation, or throat pain are common symptoms of stomach acid irritation of the throat. Please be aware that LPRD can occur without any symptoms of frank heartburn and regurgitation that traditionally accompany gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD).

    VOICE MISUSE AND OVERUSE
    Speaking is a physical task that requires coordination of breathing with the use of several muscle groups. It should come as no surprise that, just like in any other physical task, there are efficient and inefficient ways of using your voice. Excessively loud, prolonged, and/or inefficient voice use can lead to vocal difficulties, just like improper lifting can lead to back injuries. Excessive tensionin the neck and laryngeal muscles, along with poor breathing technique during speech leads to vocal fatigue, increased vocal effort, and hoarseness. Voice misuse and overuse puts you at risk for developing benign vocal cord lesions (see below) or a vocal cord hemorrhage.

    BENIGN VOCAL CORD LESIONS
    Benign non-cancerous growths on the vocal cords are most often caused by voice misuse or overuse, which causes trauma to the vocal cords. These lesions (or “bumps”) on the vocal cord(s) alter vocal cord vibration and lead to hoarseness. The most common vocal cord lesions are nodules, polyps, and cysts. Vocal nodules (also known as nodes or singer’s nodes) are similar to “calluses” of the vocal cords. They occur on both vocal cords opposite each other at the point of maximal wear and tear, and are usually treated with voice therapy to eliminate the vocal trauma that is causing them. Contrary to common myth, vocal nodules are highly treatable and intervention leads to improvement in most cases. Vocal cord polyps and cysts are the other common benign lesions. These are sometimes related to voice misuse or overuse, but can also occur in people who don’t use their voice improperly. These types of problems typically require microsurgical treatment for cure, with voice therapy employed in a combined treatment approach in some cases.
    Vocal cord Bacterial infection photos attachment.php?s=0c2791b902bb9bf1f0264ed9d501af00&attachmentid=1842&d=1441385447

    VOCAL CORD HEMORRHAGE
    If you experience sudden loss of voice following yelling, shouting, or other strenuous vocal tasks, you may have developed a vocal cord hemorrhage. Vocal cord hemorrhage results when one of the blood vessels on the surface of the vocal cord ruptures and the soft tissues of the vocal cord fill with blood. It is considered a vocal emergency and is treated with absolute voice rest until the hemorrhage resolves. If you lose your voice after strenuous voice use, see your Otolaryngologist as soon as possible.

    VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS AND PARESIS
    Hoarseness and other problems can occur related to problems between the nerves and muscles within the voice box or larynx. The most common neurological condition that affects the larynx is a paralysis or weakness of one or both vocal cords. Involvement of both vocal cords is rareand is usually manifested by noisy breathing or difficulty getting enough air while breathing or talking. When one vocal cord is paralyzed or weak, voice is usually the problem rather than breathing. One vocal cord can become paralyzed or weakened (paresis) from a viral infection of the throat, after surgery in the neck or chest, from a tumor or growth along the laryngeal nerves, or for unknown reasons. Vocal cord paralysis typically presents with a soft and breathy voice. Many cases of vocal cord paralysis will recover within several months. In some cases however, the paralysis will be permanent, and may require active treatment to improve the voice. Treatment choice depends on the nature of the vocal cord paralysis, the degree of vocal impairment, and the patient’s vocal needs. While we are not able to make paralyzed vocal cords move again, there are good treatment options for improving the voice. One option includes surgery for unilateral vocal cord paralysis that repositions the vocal cord to improve contact and vibration of the paralyzed vocal cord with the non-paralyzed vocal cord. There are a variety of surgical techniques used to accomplish this. Voice therapy may be used before or after surgical treatment of the paralyzed vocal cords, or it can also be used as the sole treatment. (For more information, see Vocal Cord Paralysis Fact Sheet.)

    LARYNGEAL CANCER
    Throat cancer is a very serious condition requiring immediate medical attention. Chronic hoarseness warrants evaluation by an otolaryngologist to rule out laryngeal cancer. It is important to remember that prompt attention to changes in the voice facilitate early diagnosis. Remember to listen to your voice because it might be telling you something. Laryngeal cancer is highly curable if diagnosed in its early stages. (For more information, see Laryngeal Cancer Fact Sheet.)

    What Causes Laryngitis?
    Acute laryngitis is a temporary condition caused by an underlying viral infection. When the underlying infection is treated, acute laryngitis will go away. On the other hand, chronic laryngitis results from long-term exposure to irritating or toxic environmental factors. This type of laryngitis tends to be more severe and have longer lasting effects.

    Treating the Underlying Cause
    If a virus is the reason behind your acute laryngitis, the symptoms will more than likely disappear without treatment. Bacterial laryngitis is treated with antibiotics, although this form of laryngitis is rare.

    Treatments to Ease Symptoms
    Your doctor might prescribe corticosteroids (hormones that can reduce inflammation) to treat both acute and chronic laryngitis, which help to reduce swelling in the vocal cords and voice box.
    Vocal cord Bacterial infection photos attachment.php?s=0c2791b902bb9bf1f0264ed9d501af00&attachmentid=1843&d=1441385460

    These symptoms typically appear within hours or days of developing a cold or upper respiratory infection such as bronchitis or pneumonia. Colds, which are caused by viruses, are the most common cause of laryngitis. Other viral causes include measles. Although rare, bacterial infections, such as diphtheria, can also cause laryngitis.

    Certain activities may strain the vocal cords to cause inflammation and lead to laryngitis. Examples of these types of activities include yelling at a sporting event or concert and working as a professional singer.

    Silvers points out that all causes of laryngitis cause hoarseness, but not all hoarseness is laryngitis. Vocal polyps (seen in smokers and people with chronic acid reflux), nodules (from years of improper vocal use), tumors (benign or malignant) and trauma to the outside of the neck can cause inflammation or fracture of the laryngeal cartilage, leading to hoarseness. Patients can have vocal neurological issues, as well, that can lead to parasthesia or vocal weakness. For example, Parkinson's patients often have hoarseness, with vocal tremor and nerve paralysis. Anything that irritates, inflames, blocks or weakens the vocal bands (cords), will lead to hoarseness, Silvers said.

    When laryngitis persists for three or more weeks, it is considered chronic. Bulimia, alcohol abuse and smoking, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD or acid reflux) and sinusitis cause chemicals to come in repeated contact with the vocal cords, which damages the cords over time.

    References:
    Laryngitis: Causes, Symptoms Treatment
    Common Problems That Can Affect Your Voice | American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
    Laryngitis: Causes, Symptoms Diagnosis











    Last edited by Medical Photos; 09-04-2015 at 04:51 PM.

  2. Similar Threads

    1. Vocal cord Fungal infection photos - Laryngeal Atlas
      By Medical Videos in forum E.N.T Atlas(Photos of cases)
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 01-18-2009, 11:34 AM
    2. Vocal cord Granuloma photos - Laryngeal Atlas
      By Medical Videos in forum E.N.T Atlas(Photos of cases)
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 01-18-2009, 11:33 AM
    3. Vocal cord Leukoplakia photos - Laryngeal Atlas
      By Medical Videos in forum E.N.T Atlas(Photos of cases)
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 01-18-2009, 11:32 AM
    4. Vocal cord Trauma photos - Laryngeal Atlas
      By Medical Videos in forum E.N.T Atlas(Photos of cases)
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 01-18-2009, 11:29 AM
    5. Vocal cord Sulcus pictures - Laryngeal Atlas
      By Medical Videos in forum E.N.T Atlas(Photos of cases)
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 01-17-2009, 03:34 PM
  3. #2

    Default The response to netprint sites...

    For example, if you found that a treatment was effective but you only enrolled young adult men, you should not suggest that it is an appropriate treatment for the same condition in children, in women, or in older men.Box 12.9 lists some of the benefits of mentoring to both mentors and their research units.

  4. #3

    Default more info

    Greetings,
    I have been checking out your forum.
    I wanted to introduce myself and am anxious to learn more.
    Talk To You Soon.
    Mark Jalali
    Fort Myers
    Naples

  5. #4
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2011
    Location
    Россия
    Posts
    1
    Interests
    aleralovvi
    Biography
    (Man)
    Country

    Country

    Occupation
    Россия

    Default Где скачать игру zuma для компьютера?

    Здравствуйте! Скажите пожалуйста, где можно скачать игры для компьютера торрент?

  6. #5
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    May 2011
    Location
    Россия
    Posts
    1
    Interests
    leraknaziva
    Biography
    (Man)
    Country

    Country

    Occupation
    Россия

    Default In a forum topic

    Thank you, very nice post.

  7. #6
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Sep 2011
    Posts
    1
    Country

    Country

    Occupation
    Virgin Islands

    Default Hey Guys

    I am happy i decided to finally say hey to you all, i been trolling for months and now its time for action!

Tags for this Thread

Bookmarks

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •  
About us
Medical Educational Site for Medical Students and Doctors Contains Free Medical Videos ,Atlases,Books,Drug Index ,Researches ,Health and Medical Technology news.
  • Privacy Policy
  • Join us
    Powered by vBulletin® Version 4.2.0 Copyright © 2015
  • vBulletin®
  • Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. vBulletin Metro Theme by
  • PixelGoose Studio