The management of HIV/AIDS normally includes the use of multiple antiretroviral drugs in an attempt to control HIV infection. There are several classes of antiretroviral agents that act on different stages of the HIV life-cycle. The use of multiple drugs that act on different viral targets is known as highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). HAART decreases the patient's total burden of HIV, maintains function of the immune system, and prevents opportunistic infections that often lead to death.
The American National Institutes of Health and other organizations recommend offering antiretroviral treatment to all patients with AIDS. Because of the complexity of selecting and following a regimen, the severity of the side-effects, and the importance of compliance to prevent viral resistance, such organizations emphasize the importance of involving patients in therapy choices and recommend analyzing the risks and the potential benefits to patients with low viral loads.

This algorithm video discussion is on HIV and all the essential facts and management points that are most high yield for the USMLE Step 3. It includes but is not limited to the management and different clinical scenarios where the management changes in HIV, as well as prophylaxis, and opportunistic infection discussion in HIV. Stay tuned for book to be released later this Spring: USMLE ALGORITHMS Step 3