Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the endocardium and/or heart valves that involves thrombus formation (vegetation), which may damage the endocardial tissue and/or valves. Although uncommon in children, it is important to identify and treat IE because of its significant morbidity and mortality. Prompt diagnosis, rapid treatment, and recognition of complications are imperative for optimal patient outcomes.

IE is also referred to as bacterial endocarditis because bacteria are the predominant microbial pathogens. IE is used in this review to include both bacterial and fungal endocarditis.

Special Pediatrics - Cardiology - 8 - Infective Endocarditis - Dr.Mohamed El-komy