Population-based estimates suggest that every year 25,000-40,000 children in the United States experience a first unprovoked seizure.[1] Using the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) definition, this includes multiple seizures within a 24-hour period if the child returns to baseline consciousness between episodes.[2]

Most of these children never experience a recurrence . However, a seizure may be the initial presentation of a more serious medical condition or subsequent epilepsy. Epilepsy is a condition in which a child has 2 or more seizures without a proximal cause for the seizures (unprovoked seizures).

When evaluating a child who has experienced a first seizure, the clinician needs to address the following:

An identifiable etiology
The most appropriate therapy
The prognosis

This patient education video explains seizures in children. It covers the symptoms, causes, and treatment options. It also discusses what to do when a seizure occurs, how to live with seizures, and how to prevent seizures.

Important information about seizures. Definition, Pathophysiology, Causes, Evaluation, Treatment, 1st Aid Care, Educational Resources