Diagnosis:

Redness
In Allergic Conjunctivitis redness is the most common symptom. The first sign of this disorder is redness of the affected eye.

Itching
There is intense itching or burning sensation in the eye affected with allergy. This affects vision and creates difficulties in properly opening the eyes.

Puffy eyelids
Most affected individuals wake up from sleep with swollen eyelids. The swelling is made all the more discomforting due to discharge from the eyes.

Watery eyes


In Allergic Conjunctivitis watering eyes are another common difficulty. There is almost persistent discharge from the eyes which leads to blurry vision.

Covering of the white
Allergic Conjunctivitis causes the widened vessels in the transparent eye tissue to cover the white of the eye.


Treatment:

Allergic Conjunctivitis is usually treated with the aid of drugs. In Allergic Conjunctivitis over the counter drugs are used along with decongestants for treatment. Pheniramine-naphazoline (Naphcon-A) and Antazoline-naphazoline (Vasocon-A) are used for curing the condition.

If the condition fails to improve with this therapy, the next line of therapy involves the use of selective H1 receptor antihistamines like epinastine (Elestat), ketotifen (Zaditor), azelastine (Optivar), olopatadine (Patanol) and levocabastine (Livostin). Antihistamines and anti-inflammatory drops are directly put into the eye.

Nonsteroidal medicines such as Voltaren (diclofenac) ophthalmic solution and mast cell stabilizers like Alocril (nedocromil), Elestat (epinastine), Patanol (olopatadine) and Zaditor (ketotifen) are quite useful in treating the symptoms of this disorder.

In acute stages, mild steroid drops may be administered on the eye surface for a brief duration under medical supervision. Eye drops that prevent mast cells from releasing histamines may also be used in some cases. Artificial tears are also useful in reducing discomforts in mild cases of the disorder.


Images:


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allergic conjunctivitis: everything you need to know