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Thread: Ophthalmic Clinical Skills - Topic 3b - DCT (dynamic contour tonometer) and ORA video

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    Default Ophthalmic Clinical Skills - Topic 3b - DCT (dynamic contour tonometer) and ORA video

    Interindividual variability of central corneal thickness has been found to be a source of error for conventional Goldmann applanation tonometry. The dynamic contour tonometer represents a potentially new technology for non-invasive and direct intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement, and has been proposed to accurately measure the true IOP irrespective of the corneal thickness. It is based on the principle that when the tip of the device exactly matches the contour of the cornea, the pressure measured by a transducer placed on its tip is an accurate indicator of the true IOP. This device is also capable of measuring the ocular pulse amplitude, a variable that has controversial significance in the diagnosis and management of glaucoma. Even though this technique seems to be very promising, further studies are required to conclusively determine the effectiveness of the dynamic contour tonometer in patients having an abnormal or irregular corneal contour.
    Ophthalmic Clinical Skills Topic (dynamic attachment.php?attachmentid=454&stc=1


    Comparison of ICare, dynamic contour tonometer, and ocular response analyzer with Goldmann applanation tonometer in patients with glaucoma.

    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospitals Leuven, Campus St Raphaël, Leuven, Belgium.

    Abstract

    PURPOSE:

    To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) readings taken by ICare, Pascal dynamic contour tonometer (DCT), and ocular response analyzer (ORA) with those taken by Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT). We sought to evaluate the influence of central corneal thickness (CCT) on IOP measurements and to compare patients' preferences for the four tonometers.

    METHODS:

    In this prospective study, 93 eyes from 93 patients were examined. Patients were randomly divided into 4 groups to vary the order in which the tonometers were applied. CCT was measured with an ultrasound pachymeter.

    RESULTS:

    The average CCT was 558+/-47.4 microm. The mean +/- standard deviation IOP for GAT, ICare, DCT, and ORA (Goldmann-correlated IOP) (ORA(GC)) were 15.1+/-4.8, 15.7+/-5.7, 18.2+/-5.1, and 18.3+/-6.6 mmHg, respectively. There was no significant difference between the mean IOP obtained with GAT and ICare (p=0.14). There was also no difference in IOP levels between the mean IOP obtained with DCT and ORA (p=0.26). There was no correlation between IOP measurements and CCT for the 4 instruments. Bland-Altman graphs showed disagreement between the measurements taken by GAT and the other instruments. There was no significant difference in patients' preference among the 4 instruments (p=0.48).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    IOP readings from ICare were consistent with those from GAT, whereas DCT readings correspond well to ORA(GC) measurements. DCT and ORA readings both overestimated the GAT readings. There was no correlation between the IOP measurements and the CCT for the 4 instruments. There was no significant difference in patients' preference among the 4 instruments.


    References:
    Dynamic contour tonometry: principle and use. - PubMed - NCBI
    Comparison of ICare, dynamic contour tonometer, and ocular response analyzer with Goldmann applanation tonometer in patients with glaucoma. - PubMed - NCBI











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