Also called tooth decay, a cavity is a disease that is caused by bacteria damaging the hard structure of the tooth. Such structures include the enamel, dentin and cementum. Once the bacteria bores into these structures, holes or cavities are produced.

There are two types of oral bacteria that produce cavities and these are the Streptococcus mutans and the Lactobacillus spp. that multiply in numbers if a patient does not practice good oral hygiene. These bacterial species are all lactic acid formers and acid, just for the information of many, can weaken whatever hard surface it comes into contact with including the tooth’s enamel.

How Do Cavities Form?

As mentioned earlier, cavities are caused by two kinds of bacteria and that these bacteria are considered as normal microflora in the mouth. The moment a patient feeds on carbohydrates and any type of food, these bacteria multiply in number but they are nevertheless controlled due to proper oral hygiene such as brushing using a fluoride-based toothpaste and rinsing using mouthwash. However, the danger lies once a patient forgets to do proper oral hygiene and as a result, the bacteria exude acid and other particles into the surface of the mouth. In fact, the small chalky area that may appear in a patient’s tooth is already a precursor to a cavity. To know more follow dental Chicago.

Tooth Decay (Dental Caries)

This animation illustrates pit & fissure and interproximal tooth decay, and how to avoid getting them. It uses special visual effects, including transparent views through teeth to effectively demonstrate where problems occur and the best ways to prevent them.

What is a Cavity?

Caries means rotten or foulness in Latin. Dental caries, also known as cavity, refers to a decayed or rotting portion of a tooth; Caries is a tooth disease caused by bacteria and leeds often to tooth ache.