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Thread: Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus and Symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Aug 2010



    Default Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus and Symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus

    Diabetes Insipidus is a rare condition that occurs when the kidneys cannot conserve water as they filter toxins from the blood. As such, people with Diabetes Insipidus generally have a constant urge to urinate and frequently feel thirsty. This is not glucose-based Diabetes mellitus.

    The Hypothalamus

    In a normal body, a hormone called ADH (antidiuretic hormone) controls the amount of water that the kidneys release. ADH, also called vasopressin (VAS-oh-pres-in), is a hormone that is produced in the hypothalamus (HY-puh-thal-uh-muss) region of the brain. The pituitary (pee-TOO-ee-ter-ee) gland, which is located at the base of the brain, releases the ADH hormone in order to control the release of urine.

    However, when a person has Diabetes Insipidus (in-Sip-i-duh s), he or she does not have ADH (called central Diabetes Insipidus) or has kidneys that do not respond to ADH (called nephrogenic (NE-froj-e-nik) Diabetes Insipidus (in-SIP-i-duss)). As such, a patient will urinate frequently. The frequent loss of water causes the patient to be constantly thirsty.

    Symptoms: Excessive urination and Extreme thirst

    Diabetes Insipidus Causes

    Central Diabetes Insipidus is almost always caused by damage to the brain in the pituitary gland or hypothalamus region, though birth defects can also cause the condition. The damage usually is the result of surgery, infection, abnormal growths, or head injuries. To reduce the cause by damage patient should take proper snacks for diabetics

    Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus is often caused by medications that make it impossible for the kidneys to reabsorb water back into the bloodstream. The condition may also be inherited from the maternal side.

    Diabetes Insipidus Complications

    - Dry skin
    - Dry mucous membranes
    - Sunken eyes
    - Fever
    - Rapid heart rate
    - Unexplained weight loss
    - Fatigue
    - Electrolyte imbalance
    - Headaches
    - Irritability
    - Muscle pain

    Diabetes Insipidus Treatment

    Central Diabetes Insipidus is generally treated through medications and diabetic personal aid products. Vasopressin, which is administered through a nasal spray or tablets, is the most common medication used to treat Diabetes Insipidus.

    Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus may be caused by medications. Once the medications are stopped, the condition may go away. If not, then a person with Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus may have to drink fluids to counteract those fluids that the body expels. Additionally, patients with Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus may take medications and glucose control solution to reduce the need to urinate.

    Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you think you have Diabetes Insipidus.

  2. #2


    Thanks for your efforts.

  3. #3
    Junior Member
    Join Date
    Jul 2011
    United States


    United States

    Default Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus and Symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus

    Regardless of what the specific cause may be, there are some symptoms that are always a sign of a sick cat. If your cat has any of the following symptoms, you should check with your veterinarian at once:

    An abnormal respiration rate.
    - Elevated or depressed temperature.
    - Eating or drinking an unusual amount, either too much or too little.
    - Sneezing or coughing. Some cats are prone to hairballs, so know the difference between your cats "hairball" cough and a different cough. If in doubt, check with your vet.
    - Runny eyes, or discharge from the eyes, nose, or mouth.
    - Straining to pass urine, and/or signs of pain while passing or attempting to pass urine. Take your cat to a veterinarian immediately if you observe these symptoms.
    - Vomiting
    - Signs of pain or discomfort. Note that panting or loud, excessive purring can be signs of pain in a cat.
    - Abnormal or suspicious behavior that you, that cats owner and friend, might uniquely be able to notice. As we said above, if you suspect your cat isnt well, it probably isnt.

    Educate yourself The next time you visit your veterinarian for routine cat health care such as vaccinations, ask them for any free literature they can give you on cat health. Your veterinarian cares about your cat too, and will be happy to help you learn all that you can.

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