Examination of the eye in a clinical environment can involve a number of separate tests, but is usually guided by the patients presenting complaint or requirements (e.g. vision needs to be assessed for ability to drive).
It is important to note that examination of the eye can also provide clues to diseases and disorders well beyond the eye itself. Ophthalmoscopic examination is a useful skill that is not just limited to neurological and eye examinations. Changes on fundoscopy can also be seen in systemic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes.