Genital bilharisiasis aetiology:
A. Causative organism: usually schistosoma hematobium.
B. Mode of infection: via communication between pelvic venous plexuses.
C. Predisposing factors: farmers.
Genital bilharisiasis pathology:
Sites: * Vulva & vagina: (the commonest sites to be affected).
* Uterus: very rare due to monthly shedding.
Deposition of ova in the submucosa:
* Sandy patches, bilharizial polyps, bilharizial ulcers & fibrosis.
Genital bilharisiasis diagnosis:
– History of terminal hematuria.
– Vaginal discharge & bleeding.
– To detect sandy patches.
* Serology: to diagnose bilharisiasis (bilharizial antigens are the most reliable).
* Biopsy: from vulval & vaginal lesions.
Genital bilharisiasis treatment:
Medical: anti-bilharizial drugs e.g. Praziquantel.
Surgical: removal of residual lesions.
Genital bilharisiasis videos:
Dr. Claude Oeuvray (Merck): Female Genital Schistosomiasis ( Genital Bilharisiasis ) video
Dr. Claude Oeuvray speaks at ISNTD Coinfections 2016 about Male & Female Genital Schistosomiasis and Merck’s efforts at addressing this neglected gynaecological condition with significant implications for maternal & infant health, fertility and HIV infection risk.
Schistosomiasis (Bilharzia)– an overview video
Schistosomiasis is a tropical disease caused by a group of parasitic worms. It has an interesting life-cycle involving freshwater snails and can cause short term and long term disease. Schistosomiasis is classified as a neglected tropical disease and affects some of the poorest countries in the world. This video takes a look at the parasites, the disease that it causes and control methods.
Genital bilharisiasis PPT (power point presentations):
Neglected tropical disease and co-infection: Female Genital Schistosomiasis ( Genital Bilharisiasis ) in Ghana PPT
Margaret Gyapong spoke at the 9th European Congress on Tropical Medicine and International Health in Basel Spetember 2015. This is her presentation on female genital schistosomiasis.
Urogenital Schistosomiasis • Classical Sign – Haematuria • In women and children – lesions of the cervix and vagina – Nodules in the vulva – female genital schistosomiasis (FGS)
Organ affected Consequences Ovaries Hypogonadism, retarded puberty, infertility (primary and secondary) Fallopian tubes Ectopic/tubal pregnancy Uterus Anemia due to chronic blood loss, metaplasia, miscarriage, preterm delivery Cervix Anaemia, carcinoma, risk of STIs Vagina/Vulva Destruction of the hymen/clitoris, vesico-vaginal fistula, risk of STIs Consequences of FGS
Schistosoma & Schistosomiasis Dr. Rafal J. Al-Saigh Medical Doctor MB.Ch.B., MSc, PhD Clin. Microb (Athens, Greece) PPT
THE CLINICAL PICTURE, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS PROF. S. M. BHATT DEPARTMENT OF MEDICINE UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI NAIROBI KENYA PPT
CONTINUATON OF COMPLICATIONS Carcinoma of bladder [squamous cell type] Other system involvement- Pulmonary hypertension, fibrosis, cor- pulmonale- Myelitis / spinal tumour / space occupying lesion due to granuloma- Infertility in women from granulomata blocking the fallopian tubes– Salmonella septicaemia [organisms incorporated into adult worms]