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03-18-2009, 10:59 AM
Oxygen therapy
Indications
1- Respiratory failure type I
Respiratory failure type III
Myocardial infarction
Crisis of sickle cell anaemia
Adverse effects (l00% O2 of both irritant and toxic)
Retrolental fibroplasia and blindness in prematures if exposed to↑o2
ARDs in adult
So, Do not use O2 therapy except in indicated situations.
Administration
High concentrations e.g. 60% via a mask used in acute Type I respiratory failure.
Low concentrations either via a 24 or 28% ventimask in Type II respiratory failure.
Chronic O2 delivery from cylinders delivered to the home via mask or nasal cannuli.

Source: Internal Medicine Book of Dr.Osama Mahmoud (Ain Shams University)