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03-18-2009, 10:52 AM
The trachea & large bronchi are inspected by bronchoscope
I- Diagnostic
1- Structural changes as obstruction
2- Biopsy
3- Bronchial brushings or washings & cytological examination of the aspirates especially for vascular tumor.
4- Bronchoalveolar lavage to diagnose interstitial lung Disease by examination of the aspirates show ­­ neutrophils or lymphocytes or eosinophils .
5- Transbronchial lung biopsy for sarcoidosis.
6- To determine site of haemoptysis.
II- Therapeutic
1- Removal of F.B.
2- Removal of secretion
3- Bronchial lavage in acute sever asthma.
1- Infection. pneumonia
2- Perforation.

Source: Internal Medicine Book of Dr.Osama Mahmoud (Ain Shams University)