Chlamydia infection

Chlamydia infection

♦♦♦ The commonest sexual infection in developed countries.
Aetiology:
A. Causative organism: chlamydia trachomatis.
– Similar to bacteria in:
– Divided by binary fission.
– Contains both DNA & RNA.
– Sensitive to antibiotic e.g. tetracycline.
– Similar to viruses in: obligatory intracellular.
B. Mode of infection:
– Sexual route: sexual contact.
– Non-sexual route: ophthalmia neonatorum (passage through infected birth canal).
C. Predisposing factors: multiple sexual partners.

Chlamydia infection
Chlamydia infection

Diagnosis:
Serotypes D-K (affect only tissues lined by columnar epithelium):
– Urethritis, endocervicitis & acute PID.
– Perinatal infection (conjunctivitis & pneumonia).
Serotypes (L1, L2, L3): LGV
– Starts as papule then ulcerate.
– Inguinal lymphadenopathy.
– Progressive fibrosis in advanced cases
(dyspareunia, dyscasia & vulval
lymphedema).
– Groove sign: due to compression of the
enlarged lymph nodes by the inguinal
ligament.
Investigations:
♦Tissue culture on McCoy cells:
– Excellent but expensive.
♦Pap. Smear of the cervix:
– Intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies.
♦Serological tests: e.g. CFT.
Treatment:
A. Prevention: prevention of STD.
B. Medical treatment: – Doxycycline 100 mg Х 2 Х 7,
– Erythromycin 500 mg X 4 X 7.
C. Surgical reconstruction: in cases of Lymphogranuloma venereum affecting
vulva and rectum.

Chlamydia infection

Chlamydia infection is a common sexually transmitted infection in humans caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The term Chlamydia infection can also refer to infection caused by any species belonging to the bacterial family Chlamydiaceae. C. trachomatis is found only in humans. Chlamydia is a major infectious cause of human genital and eye disease. Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma is a common cause of blindness worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that it accounted for 15% of blindness cases in 1995, but only 3.6% in 2002.

What is Chlamydia? | What are the Symptoms of Chlamydia?

Join Dr. Rowley as he talks over some of the most commonly asked questions about the chlamydia infection. See below for an overview of points covered in this video. 00:42 – What are the symptoms of chlamydia? 02:44 – Can chlamydia be treated? 03:35 – How is chlamydia diagnosed? 04:08 – Can chlamydia be prevented? 05:06 – How often should you get tested? 05:57 – Can chlamydia lead to serious health problems? 08:02 – How can you get checked?

What is chlamydia? | Infectious diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

Chlamydia Shilpa.K Microbiology Tutor


Chlamydia slides


Complications of Chlamydia


Chlamydia trachomatis


This is a file which is meant to help students in preparing slides for seminar presentation as well as revision for tutorial. it does not cover all about chlamydial trachomatis.

CHLAMYDIAL CONJUCTIVITIS  This is a type of conjunctivitis caused by chlamydia.  Chlamydia is neither a bacteria nor a virus but it shares the properties of both the organisms.  The group comprises of: psittacosis. Lymphogranuloma venereum trachomatis

Chlamydia infection

No votes yet.
Please wait...

Comments

comments

Dr.Galal Baligh

OB-GYN Specialist

Recently Published Stories

Ovarian amenorrhea

Ovarian amenorrhea causes, treatment and videos

Ovarian amenorrhea 1- Premature ovarian Failure; * Aetiology: Functional defect of ovary, may be – Constitutional; in some families. –

Pituitary amenorrhea

Pituitary amenorrhea causes ,treatment and videos

Pituitary amenorrhea 1- Sheehan syndrome; – Ischemic necrosis of anterior pituitary after spasm in its arterioles. – Caused by severe

Hypothalamic amenorrhea

Hypothalamic amenorrhea aetiology,treatment and videos

Hypothalamic amenorrhea ♦ Hypothalamic pulsatile secretion of GnRH controls pituitary gonadotrophins. ♦ Blood level of steroids controls hypothalamic production of

Menopause

Menopause

Menopause Definition: permanent cessation of menstruation for 6 – 12 months as a manifestation of climacteric. Climacteric: transitional phase lasting

Precocious puberty

Precocious puberty

Precocious puberty Early puberty = Pubertas praecox Definition: appearance of one or more of puberty landmarks before the age of

Female Puberty

Female Puberty

Female Puberty Definition: it is a physiological phase lasting 2 – 5 years during which physical & sexual maturation occurs

Cyclic changes in the cervical mucus

Cyclic changes in the cervical mucus and vaginal epithelium

Cyclic changes in the cervical mucus and vaginal epithelium Cyclic changes in the cervical mucus ♦ Thread test (Spinnbarkeit). –

Endometrial cycle

Endometrial cycle

Endometrial cycle ♦ The endometrium is formed of 2 layers : – Basal layer: – Supplied by straight arterioles. –

Ovarian cycle

Ovarian cycle

Ovarian cycle ♦ The ovary is covered by germinal epithelium. ♦ It contains true cortex under this epithelium. ♦ The

Menstruation physiology

Menstruation physiology

Menstruation physiology ♦♦♦ Regulation of menstrual cycle controlled by the following substances: 1. Main hormones: 1) GnRH. 2) FSH. 3)

error: Content is protected !!